share|improve this answer answered Jul 17 '13 at 18:51 MassuguGo 14317 1 Nice tip! Oracle allows us the create error numbers in the range of -20000 to -20999. The "MessageFormat" class has a method "format()" that receives an Object array method as parameter and returns a String. Tips for Handling PL/SQL Errors In this section, you learn three techniques that increase flexibility. my review here
NO_DATA_FOUND 01403 +100 It is raised when a SELECT INTO statement returns no rows. Retrying a Transaction After an exception is raised, rather than abandon your transaction, you might want to retry it. SQL> insert into Employee(ID, First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date, End_Date, Salary, City, Description) 2 values('07','David', 'Larry', to_date('19901231','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980212','YYYYMMDD'), 7897.78,'New York', 'Manager') 3 / 1 row created. Therefore, the values of explicit cursor attributes are not available in the handler. page
They are the ones that honestly say what is wrong with your program. Consider the following example: EXCEPTION WHEN INVALID_NUMBER THEN INSERT INTO ... -- might raise DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX WHEN DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX THEN ... -- cannot catch the exception END; Branching to or from an Exception Without exception handling, every time you issue a command, you must check for execution errors: BEGIN SELECT ... -- check for 'no data found' error SELECT ... -- check for 'no That way, you can report errors to your application and avoid returning unhandled exceptions.
That is, the exception reproduces itself in successive enclosing blocks until a handler is found or there are no more blocks to search. IF ... BEGIN RAISE no_data_found; EXCEPTION WHEN no_data_found THEN ... Oracle Sql Error Message Sqlerrm Previous Page Print PDF Next Page Advertisements Write for us FAQ's Helping Contact © Copyright 2016.
Anyone considering using the services of an Oracle support expert should independently investigate their credentials and experience, and not rely on advertisements and self-proclaimed expertise. Oracle Pl Sql Exception Error Message Some common internal exceptions have predefined names, such as ZERO_DIVIDE and STORAGE_ERROR. Examples of internally defined exceptions include division by zero and out of memory. For example: DECLARE ex_custom EXCEPTION; BEGIN RAISE ex_custom; EXCEPTION WHEN ex_custom THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE(SQLERRM); END; / The output is "User-Defined Exception".
THEN RAISE past_due; -- this is not handled END IF; END; ------------- sub-block ends EXCEPTION WHEN past_due THEN -- does not handle RAISEd exception ... Pl Sql Raise Exception Because a block can reference only local or global exceptions, enclosing blocks cannot reference exceptions declared in a sub-block. So, your program cannot open that cursor inside the loop. How redirect the "no-route" cms page to home page after 10 second (not through server side) more hot questions question feed lang-sql about us tour help blog chat data legal privacy
SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> -- display data in the table SQL> select * from Employee 2 / ID FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME START_DAT END_DATE SALARY CITY DESCRIPTION ---- -------------------- -------------------- --------- --------- ---------- This Site SELF_IS_NULL Your program attempts to call a MEMBER method on a null instance. Pl Sql Exception Error Message END; Handlers in the current block cannot catch the raised exception because an exception raised in a declaration propagates immediately to the enclosing block. Pl Sql Developer Blank Error Message Passing a zero to SQLERRM always returns the message normal, successful completion.
That is, the built-in parameter SELF (which is always the first parameter passed to a MEMBER method) is null. this page How can I kill a specific X window Optimization for routine repeatedly using FindMaximum Is there a Mathematica function that can take only the minimum value of a parametric curve? EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN ... -- Which SELECT statement caused the error? How are aircraft transported to, and then placed, in an aircraft boneyard? T Sql Error Message
EXCEPTION WHEN OTHERS THEN log_error($$PLSQL_UNIT,$$PLSQL_LINE,p_param1,p_param2); RAISE; END; The “log_error”-procedure defined as autonomous transaction, writing the information we need for troubleshooting to a table. If the optional third parameter is TRUE, the error is placed on the stack of previous errors. The functions SQLCODE and SQLERRM are especially useful in the OTHERS handler because they return the Oracle error code and message text. http://ebprovider.com/error-message/create-error-message-vba.php The above program displays the name and address of a customer whose ID is given.
The optional OTHERS handler catches all exceptions that the block does not name specifically. Oracle Raise Exception With Message Unhandled exceptions can also affect subprograms. User define exception must be declare yourself and RAISE statement to raise explicitly.
If the exception is ever raised in that block (or any sub-block), you can be sure it will be handled. You can have any number of exception handlers, and each handler can associate a list of exceptions with a sequence of statements. You can write handlers for predefined exceptions using the names in the following list: Exception Oracle Error SQLCODE Value ACCESS_INTO_NULL ORA-06530 -6530 CASE_NOT_FOUND ORA-06592 -6592 COLLECTION_IS_NULL ORA-06531 -6531 CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN ORA-06511 -6511 Pl Sql Raise_application_error An application can call raise_application_error only from an executing stored subprogram (or method).
COLLECTION_IS_NULL Your program attempts to apply collection methods other than EXISTS to an uninitialized (atomically null) nested table or varray, or the program attempts to assign values to the elements of WHEN others THEN exception3-handling-statements END; Example Let us write some simple code to illustrate the concept. In stored procedures, explicit transaction handling and exception swallowing are both very dangerous practices, since they prevent Oracle from providing "statement level consistency". useful reference How are solvents chosen in organic reactions?
Before starting the transaction, mark a savepoint. INVALID_CURSOR Your program attempts an illegal cursor operation such as closing an unopened cursor. For a workaround, see "Defining Your Own Error Messages: Procedure RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR". This must be a named, database type, otherwise it cannot be passed from PL/SQL to java.
Exceptions can be internally defined (by the run-time system) or user defined. THEN -- handle the error WHEN OTHERS THEN -- handle all other errors END; If you want two or more exceptions to execute the same sequence of statements, list the exception Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum. Syntax for Procedures The syntax for the Named Programmer-Defined Exception in a procedure is: CREATE [OR REPLACE] PROCEDURE procedure_name [ (parameter [,parameter]) ] IS [declaration_section] exception_name EXCEPTION; BEGIN executable_section RAISE exception_name;
SYS_INVALID_ROWID The conversion of a character string into a universal rowid fails because the character string does not represent a valid rowid. You can place RAISE statements for a given exception anywhere within the scope of that exception. INVALID_NUMBER In a SQL statement, the conversion of a character string into a number fails because the string does not represent a valid number. (In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is raised.) This A cursor must be closed before it can be reopened.
In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is raised if the conversion of a character string into a number fails. (In SQL statements, INVALID_NUMBER is raised.) ZERO_DIVIDE Your program attempts to divide a number